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Old 11-25-2019, 03:36 PM   #1 (permalink)
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Default Interesting facts :)

Clock! An ominous, terrible, mocking deity, What tells us Remember! and points the finger ... "- wrote the poet Charles Baudelaire over the inexorable passage of time. But this is a problem of people, not clocks.

around 1000, the monk Gerbert of Aurillac (later Pope Sylvester II) built the first mechanical clock in Europe in Magdeburg

around 1310 the oldest known mention of the mechanical clock in Dante's "Divine Comedy"

1364. Giovani de Dondi builds the 'Astrarium' clock recognized as a miracle in its time
http://
around 1492 mechanical watches appear simultaneously in France, Germany and Italy - to visit the next 500 years, by the end of the 1970s and the arrival of an electronic watch.
In the same year, Columbus discovers America ...

1536 Geneva becomes the main place for Calvinism followers, later becoming the capital of Protestantism (it is important)

1554 Frenchman Thomas Bayard becomes the first watchmaker in Geneva and then Martin Duboule (below his clock)

http://


1556 Prohibition of the production of jewelry in Geneva as idolatry - which causes the development of the watch industry
1601 The first watchmakers association is founded in Geneva.
After a minimum of 5 years of apprenticeship, a journeyman would have to make a watch with an alarm to "free himself" as a master and the other "so that he could stand on the table"

1630 Frenchman Jean Toutin develops a method for painting enamel watch faces.

1648 Switzerland is recognized by Europe as a completely independent nation.
At the same time, the philosopher and mathematician Blaise Pascal wears a wrist watch ... what ?, a secret to this day (probably pocket, scientist, well-known eccentric )

1658 Christian Huygens was the first to build precise mechanical clocks. The pendulum clock was invented by Galileo (earlier sketches were made by Leonardo da Vinci), but it was Christiaan who built the first accurate pendulum clocks. He described his clocks in the book "Horologium oscillatorium"
In 1675 he constructed an improvement of the clock mechanism (a balance with a spiral replacing the pendulum), which led him to a dispute with Robert Hooke, who claimed the priority of the invention.

1700 The Swiss economy is dominated by watchmakers and related professions.
Watches are manufactured in small workshops.
These workshops had the common name "Fabrique". Most of them were on the top floor of the house, where the most natural light was.

Fabrique employed people in two main categories: watchmakers ("Maîtres horloger") and "Maîtres Marchand" or "établisseurs" who assembled watch parts


1747 birth of Abraham Louis Breuget.

1755 Parisian watchmaker Caron builds a watch placed in a ring for Madame de Pompadour.
http://
1760 opening of the first Beyer watch store in Zurich.
There were 600 watchmakers for 20,000 inhabitants of Geneva.



1810 When Napoleon's sister became the Queen of Naples, she orders from Breuget the famous watch known among collectors as "Reine de Naples", we only know that it was an oval repeater, the bracelet was made of hair (?) And gold thread.

In 1849, a countess Rasponi, the youngest daughter of the Queen of Naples, Louis, who married Count Gulio Rasponi, brought him to the 'service' in Paris - the entry for a watch for review.
He got there again in 1855, and the trace of him was lost.

1827 Breguet builds a watch known to the world as the 'Marie-Antoinette watch' equipped with most (all?) Known complications.

1839 Antoni Patek and Franciszek Czapek found the company 'Patek, Czapek & Cie' in Geneva.

1862 the first chronograph with reset function is created (Henri-Feréol Piguet Nicole et Capt Solliat.) This patent was already filed in England in 1844 by Adolf Nicole, under the number 10348.

1867 La Chaux-de-Fonds, Georges-Frédéric Roskopf began producing watches, sold for just 20 francs each, that would be "affordable for all wallets."

1875 Nemitz discovers calcium sulfate which is the first luminescent substance used for indexes and clock hands.

1923 patented a wrist watch with automatic winding

1966 the first prototype of a quartz watch known as 'Beta1'

1972 Audamars Piguet presents Royal Oak

1996 Philippe Dufour - Duality, watch with double adjuster, a complication that is considered more complex than a tourbillon

Edit
In domestic and foreign studies there is information that the first mention in the literature - 'Divine Comedy' Dante Alighieri about the mechanical clock is about 1300 years.

In my opinion, this is a mistake - this action takes place in 1300 (three days and three nights - from Good Friday to Easter 1300)

The song itself was created between 1308-21, so you can specify more precisely
The last part of the song, ',"Paradise" song X:


"And the clock rings rolling rings:

"Day, day", in tones of caress so sweet,

That the spirit itself is full of love

So circling in the lights of the floppy rotor ... '

I bet on 1319-21
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Old 11-28-2019, 06:55 PM   #2 (permalink)
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nice summary - thanks for posting .... that clock at the top is pretty amazing. Pretty smart folks back them to figure this out ...
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Old 11-28-2019, 07:22 PM   #3 (permalink)
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Quote:
Originally Posted by mwadner View Post
nice summary - thanks for posting .... that clock at the top is pretty amazing. Pretty smart folks back them to figure this out ...

Thank you very much.


Below is a note with Rolex's apology (court order) for the English watchmaker John Harwood after Rolex claimed the invention and implementation for mass production of an automatic watch.
(Harwood patented his invention on September 1, 1924 in Switzerland under No. 106385)
And Fortis introduced it to mass production, presenting watches with this solution at the Basel fair in 1926.
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Old 11-29-2019, 10:37 AM   #4 (permalink)
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"First diver"
http://www.vintagewatchstraps.com/borgel.php
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Old 12-01-2019, 02:12 PM   #5 (permalink)
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https://www.google.com/url?sa=t&sour...=1575223767470

https://www.google.com/url?sa=t&sour...=1575223767470
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Old 12-01-2019, 06:42 PM   #6 (permalink)
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Fascinating Mr. Yoda, thank you for sharing.
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Old 12-01-2019, 06:54 PM   #7 (permalink)
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You're welcome!
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Old 12-02-2019, 11:15 AM   #8 (permalink)
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We took over the division of the day into 12 hours from Sumer. This civilization used not all fingers, but only joints. If you look at the hand, then in each of the fingers (except for the thumb, which the ancients did not use for calculations), you can distinguish 3 joints. In total, this gives 24 points that were used during the counting - 12 at each hand. Later, the Egyptians took over the Sumerian division of the day into 12 parts, although in other areas of life they used different number systems.

However, the division of the hour into 60 minutes was the first to be used by Babylonians. In this civilization, a system based on multiples of 60 was also used in geometry. The division of the circle into 360 degrees invented by the Babylonians is still used today. Therefore, for many years it was most convenient to use round dials that can easily be divided into 12 hours or 60 minutes.

Although dividing the day into 12 parts may not seem the most convenient, it is still not the worst solution that has arisen over the centuries. For example, for ancient Chinese, the day had as many as 100 periods called "ke". In parallel with this system, there was also another division of the day into 12 so-called "Double hours". Both of these timing methods did not work together. This situation changed only in 1628, when the number of "ke" was reduced to 96, so that there were 8 in each double hour.

Although this simplification has helped the Chinese organize their daily lives, this system has not spread worldwide. Today, most places on Earth, including China, use 24-hour divisions.
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Old 12-02-2019, 11:26 AM   #9 (permalink)
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In 1870, Canadian engineer Sanford Fleming proposed the introduction of clearly defined time zones.
It was not until 1883 that the US and Canada introduced universal time, thanks to which the Earth is divided into 24 time zones as proposed by Fleming.
Greenwich was chosen as the main meridian
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Old 12-02-2019, 12:36 PM   #10 (permalink)
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Sir Sanford Fleming was Scottish by birth, and GMT was adopted as statute by Great Britain in 1880!!
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Old 12-02-2019, 12:41 PM   #11 (permalink)
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That is earlier than in the USA and Canada
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Old 12-02-2019, 02:46 PM   #12 (permalink)
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Very interesting read... thanks for posting!

Best,

Mike
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Old 12-02-2019, 03:01 PM   #13 (permalink)
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Quote:
Originally Posted by Aquaman View Post
Very interesting read... thanks for posting!

Best,

Mike
Here you are

An interesting watch of the French Revolution (1789-1799)
Please pay attention to the dial, at this time 10 time measurement systems were introduced, a rare watch due to the short (10 years) duration of the revolution.
http://
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Old 12-03-2019, 09:36 AM   #14 (permalink)
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The first "World Timer" model from around 1750, produced by John Neale.
It has 11 time zones, including Russia
(photo British Museum)http://
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Old 12-03-2019, 12:45 PM   #15 (permalink)
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http://www.ancienne-horlogerie.com/b...on_watkins.pdf
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Old 12-04-2019, 09:54 AM   #16 (permalink)
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James Bond watches

Dr. No (1962) – Rolex Submariner
From Russia With Love (1963) – Rolex Submariner
Goldfinger (1964) – Rolex Submariner
Thunderball (1965) – Rolex Submariner / Breitling Top Time
You Only Live Twice (1967) – Rolex Submariner
On Her Majesty’s Secret Service (1969) – Rolex Submariner 5513 / Rolex Chronograph 6238
Diamonds Are Forever (1971) – Rolex Submariner
Live And Let Die (1973) – Pulsar LED / Rolex Submariner 5513
The Man With The Golden Gun (1974) – Rolex Submariner 5513
The Spy Who Loved Me (1977) – Seiko 0674 LC
Moonraker (1979) – Seiko M354 Memory-Bank Calendar
For Your Eyes Only (1981) – Seiko H357 Duo Display / Seiko 7549-7009
Octopussy (1983) – Seiko TV Watch / G757 Sports 100
A View To A Kill (1985) – Seiko

The Living Daylights (1987) – Rolex Submariner 16800/168000
Licence To Kill (1989) – Rolex Submariner 16800/168000
GoldenEye (1995) – Omega Seamaster 2541.80
Tomorrow Never Dies (1997) – Omega Seamaster 2531.80
The World Is Not Enough (1999) – Omega Seamaster 2531.80
Die Another Day (2002) – Omega Seamaster 2531.80
Casino Royale (2006) – Omega Seamaster Planet Ocean 600m / Omega Seamaster Diver 300M
Quantum of Solace (2008) – Omega Seamaster Planet Ocean 600M
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Old 12-04-2019, 10:38 AM   #17 (permalink)
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The Swiss company MOERIS founded in 1893 (acquired by Tissot in 1970) has been producing mechanisms for Seiko for over 30 years /
From 1956, he also supplied watch movements for Citizen.

The first automatic movements Seiko (Seikosha 11A) is a modification of Moeris. AS1382.
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Old 12-04-2019, 12:48 PM   #18 (permalink)
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I'm not so sure that this post is "fact". How is a Moeris an A.Schild movement? And are you sure there weren't Moeris/Swiss licensed movements made by Seiko/ Citizen??
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Old 12-04-2019, 01:21 PM   #19 (permalink)
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Quote:
Originally Posted by 7s26b View Post
I'm not so sure that this post is "fact". How is a Moeris an A.Schild movement? And are you sure there weren't Moeris/Swiss licensed movements made by Seiko/ Citizen??

I didn't write very precisely, I meant 2 movements, Moeris and AS, sources say differently ...



Seiko signed "swiss"


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Old 12-04-2019, 07:47 PM   #20 (permalink)
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Quote:
Originally Posted by MR.YODA View Post
I didn't write very precisely, I meant 2 movements, Moeris and AS, sources say differently ...



Seiko signed "swiss"




Is this legit? I mean, the dial looks alomost as it ifs a redial and the movement signed seiko and Swiss, couldn’t it just have been done by someone else (as in not seiko or AS)?


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Old 12-04-2019, 07:59 PM   #21 (permalink)
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Quote:
Originally Posted by m84 View Post
Is this legit? I mean, the dial looks alomost as it ifs a redial and the movement signed seiko and Swiss, couldn’t it just have been done by someone else (as in not seiko or AS)?


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https://www.google.com/url?sa=i&sour...&ictx=3&uact=3
http://blogimg.goo.ne.jp/user_image/...9457af8e83.jpg
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Old Today, 07:13 AM   #22 (permalink)
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I think interesting for every guy ... Who likes watches of course, hardness

https://www.google.com/url?sa=t&sour...=1575716866868
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